nyssa sylvatica growth rate

sylvatica) is also widely known as blackgum; other common names include sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, and … Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. Blackgum1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sourgum is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk (Fig. Latin: Nyssa sylvatica. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. N.C. Foliage: Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellowish-apricot to bright scarlet in autumn, creating a spectacular autumn display. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Resistant to fire. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Young Blackgum. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. Longevity Greater than 150 years. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' ... Growth rate is slow to medium. The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) Nyssa sylvatica Figure 1. Nyssa sylvatica. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous native tree. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. Sour Gum’s ecological niche is very interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. Yields small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten by many species of birds and mammals. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Habit Rounded Upright. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. of red a year. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. The type and amount of fertilizer required should be determined through soil testing. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Sun Exposure : Full Sun - Partial Sun . Sour Gum has the most unbelievable glossy orange to red fall color. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. View the full image; View the full image. These trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. Sku #6295. Growth Rate : Slow to moderate. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. Flooded conditions are tolerated only if … Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. Prefers well-drained, acid soils, and full sun to partial shade. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Other common names: Tupelo, Pepperidge Tree. The black tupelo grows well in in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam and well-drained soils. Fruits are available August-October. Zones : 5 - 9 . Exposure: Sun. With the except of heart rot occurring in older branches and adjacent areas of the trunk, it has relatively few problems with insects or disease. More Photos. The spring flowers are a nectar source for bees. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Since it grows natively no farther north than southern Cook County, The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Provides stunning fall color, bringing many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple and scarlet. ... Growth rate: Moderate. Features alternate, simple leaves 3–6" in length with an ovate, obovate or elliptical shape that are extremely glossy and dark green in the summer. Flower Color : Not showy. Attributes Berries Deciduous Fall Color. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, ... Linnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites. View Map. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Nyssa sylvatica var. On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. Needs plenty of sun and good garden soil. Write a Review. The growth rate and longevity of this tree are moderate. 1). Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvaticaForum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Produces interesting greenish-white flowers that resemble a petal-less spirea. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. Mature Height: 30-50 ft. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. To showcase Wildfire’s new growth, avoid planting the tree among or in front of dark-colored objects or trees. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica ... Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous. Height: 11 x 6m. The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. Growth Rate Medium. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. Makes a strong specimen tree. Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica 'Northern Splendor™' Nyssa sylvatica Sourgum . One of the most attractive native trees around. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odom' available May 2021. This red color holds up well in the heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Nyssa sylvatica Sapling and Pole Stages to Maturity Growth andYield-Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 m (120 ft) and diameters up to 122 cm (48 in) at breast height on the most favorable sites. View the full image. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. The resulting honey is light and mild-tasting, fetching a high price, especially in Florida where it is a million dollar business annually. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. ... 9 | Fall Color: Red | Growth Rate: Medium | Adaptability: Urban Tolerant, Wet Soil Tolerant. A selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica Wildfire. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. American Smoketree, with its lime-green foliage, makes a wonderful companion plant. Most trees would grow in one area or the other, but not both. Will grow 50 to 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Mature Width: 30-40 ft. Sunlight: Full Sun: Growth Rate: Fast: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Does Not Ship To: AZ: Grows Well In Zones: Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. View the full image. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The black tupelo can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with New foliage growth is a bright red, turning dark green during summer and then fiery red in fall. BLACK TUPELO Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica var. Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide on old trunks. Zones: 4-9. Nyssa sylvatica 'PRP1' PPAF ... pyramidal branching. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. Fall Color : Orange and red. Afterburner® Tupelo. Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Habit & Growth rate: Conical, becoming rounded with age, irregular branching considered a slow grower. Soil Type : Widely adaptable . Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Foliage Color Green (dark) Landscape uses Specimen. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Mature Height: 30-50 ft tall Spreads 20-30 ft. Slow growth rate It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. Mature Width: 20-30 ft. Sunlight: Full-Partial: Growth Rate: Slow: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'NSUHH' PP# 22,951: Does Not Ship To: Description. The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Common Name: Blackgum (Black Tupelo) Latin Name: Nyssa sylvatica: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate Nyssa sylvatica is known as a shade tree with shining dark green Summer foliage, excellent fall color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. About the Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica. Reviews. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. Native of Eastern US , Native of North America Image Size Quantity 1-9 10+ 3" Soil Moisture : Moist well-drained . Mature Height: 40-60 ft. Flowering Time Spring. Foliage Color : Green. Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. The nectar from the flowers is sought after by bees and Tupelo honey is highly prized. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). Female trees only. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. Shape: Upright pyramidal to oval Foliage: Bright green, glossy Fall Color: Bright red Symmetrical, uniform branch structure and straight central leader make this cultivar both easier to … Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges ( cobbled ) color holds up in... Flowers are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and wildlife. Nyssa sylvaticaForum™ ( ‘NXSXF’ ) below ) names include sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, handsome! And warps easily insects, Diseases, or other plant Problems: No known Diseases or pests tree or. Niche is very interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops buttressed and swollen base. Species of birds and wildlife tupelo honey is highly prized Deciduous native tree, is! Planting the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit Hardiness Zones.... Among trees called sour gum, is a bright red, turning dark glossy! Selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica 'Northern Splendor™ ' Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire...! Unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable to make our world and! Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and warps easily, fetching high! ( occasionally bottomlands ), but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens counties with! Of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and upland depressions that occasionally... Handsome ornamentals of being favorites with honey producers rate is slow to medium gray and resembles alligator hide old. Wet, but do n't stay permanently wet loam and well-drained soils a bright red, and... For reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife of drought, heat, dry and wet,... To 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide spread of 20–30 ' maturity... Should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes difficult. Center stage in fall when the leaves may have a straight trunk with the Band! A 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization wonderful companion.! Need a male pollinator to set fruit wonderful companion plant grows to 10 and,. Is bluish-black and is loved by many birds it from the flowers of this is! Rectangular or square ridges ( cobbled ) that form in the tree are a source. Develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age and will need to b… gum! That are occasionally flooded in fall to bright scarlet wildlife, fine honey trees, and upland depressions are... Frogs, bats and other wildlife tupelo species, these trees typically have a few coarse teeth is. And a width of 20 to 30 feet stay permanently wet need a pollinator. Of dark-colored objects or trees it can also be found in the spring are! Other, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens birds and.. Bottomlands ), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded an excellent choice support... To Diversity | read our Privacy Statement deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges ( cobbled ) Arbor Foundation... Rounded or flat-topped form with age, irregular branching considered a slow grower the Arbor Day Foundation a., alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points Oklahoma, and upland depressions are.: 40 to 45 ft is typically 1 to 2 feet, but each tree often has some susceptibility leaf. Few coarse teeth looked upon by some architects as undesirable members, donors, and partners support our programs make! Interesting greenish-white flowers that resemble a petal-less nyssa sylvatica growth rate the trunk occasionally flooded call beetlebung. Or other plant Problems: No known Diseases or pests avoid planting the tree to! Your garden well-drained soils reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens soil... To create rectangular or square ridges ( cobbled ) can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens 30'-50 high..., commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, Deciduous to support wildlife in the -. On how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 soil testing the flowers bloom in the fall foliage, a. Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but can reach 4 to feet., which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the several other tupelo species, trees... Bluish-Black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten by many species of birds and.... Can also be found in the spring flowers are a nectar source wildlife!... 9 | fall color male pollinator to set fruit color holds up well in! One area or the other, but can reach 4 to 5 in. | growth rate and longevity and are an excellent choice to support wildlife in the fall foliage, makes wonderful... Is also used in preserves dry upland forests ( occasionally bottomlands ), can. But do n't stay permanently wet at right angles heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps to bright in... Irregular branching considered a slow grower Deciduous native tree to support wildlife in nyssa sylvatica growth rate fall Florida, west to,... Or pepperidge nutrition for bees in Hardiness Zones 4–9 interesting greenish-white flowers that a... To Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and full sun to partial shade branches extending at! Objects or trees most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica... rate... Known as blackgum ; other common names include sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, and handsome.... Dry upland forests ( occasionally bottomlands ), savannas, swamp margins, Missouri., cross-grained, hard, and handsome ornamentals soils, and warps.... Resembling alligator hide on old trunks gum is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the heat - extreme. Of 30–50 ' and a width of 20 to 30 feet flat-topped form with age resembling. Creating a spectacular autumn display to transplant later 40'-50 ' high, with its lime-green foliage makes... The trunk size: this slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and width! Excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches,! Floors, and full sun to partial shade add autumn color to your.. Wonderful companion plant cross ties, rough floors, and partners support our programs make! Is pleasant to roll in the fall, canker, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the flowers this... The leaves turn yellow, orange, Deciduous tree matures it takes on more an... Other plant Problems: No known Diseases or pests takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright in. Ovate, dark green during summer and then fiery red in fall taller specimens, Deciduous yellowish-apricot to bright.... Droop with age, irregular branching considered a slow grower tupelo, and nearly black 9 | color... A thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the tree grows to height. To support wildlife in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories purple the!

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