how to save penguins from global warming

Take the case of emperor penguins that nest in the Géologie Archipelago: as temperatures are getting warmer, the sea ice layers are becoming thinner and therefore more fragile. Many scientists think that global temperatures are increasing. Conservation agencies are doing everything they can to protect this iconic species. But we must not let this distract us from protecting the environment on which we all depend. GET INVOLVED. It’s easy to see why tourists love to come here, particularly during the whale-watching season, when the Southern Rights come in close to shore with their calves to breach and tail lob. Jackass penguins rest on the beach near Cape Town, South Africa. These phenomena appear to have their origin in many human activities that release greenhouse gasses and prevent heat from escaping the atmosphere into space. African penguins walk on rocks on Boulders beach in Simon’s Town. That gives us 1.5 million km2 of ocean, compared with 1.2 million km2 of land – and yet we fail to recognise or properly protect our ocean resources. As a result, a layer of hot water on the surface prevents the nutrient-rich cold waters from ascending, so the small animals that need them, such as crustaceans like krill, do not come for food. Visitors come from all over the world to see our magnificent beaches, whales, penguins and sharks, providing a crucial boost to our economy. The Emperor Penguin, the largest penguin species that inhabits Antarctica is facing a serious challenge brought on by climate change. BECOME AN INSIDER. http://climate.nasa.gov/news/2462/climate-change-may-shrink-adelie-penguin-range-by-end-of-century/, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/06/adelie-penguins-antarctica-climate-change-population-decline-refugia/, https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/el-ni%C3%B1o-and-gal%C3%A1pagos, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jan/30/penguins-suffering-climate-change-scientists. And less than 1% is classified as “fully protected”. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider. Why allow ships to transfer oil from one vessel to another in such close proximity to South Africa’s biggest African penguin colony in Algoa Bay? Each choice we make can lead to a healthier future for penguins. Functionally extinct means that a population has declined to the point where it is no longer viable and can no longer produce a new generation. I’ve visited penguin colonies all over the southern hemisphere, but until now, I’ve never seen a starving penguin. The red dots indicate where penguins live. Penguins, species that need cold water to survive, are among the most affected animals, as they are particularly sensitive to climate changes. If they lose these places, they are in a severe predicament. The resources in our oceans are not endless, and they are no longer abundant, thanks to the combined threats of global warming, pollution and industrial overfishing. Select which newsletters you'd like to receive, Muhammed Patel and Gaylor Montmasson-Clair, MAVERICK INSIDERS CAN COMMENT. One even more worrying data is that Antarctic krill population has decreased by 80 percent because of the sea ice, reduced and thinner by global warming, does not provide the adequate shelter to this species. There are penguins all over the southern hemisphere. But modern activities— such as plugging in devices, driving cars, and cooling homes—often rely on energy sources such as natural gas, oil, and coal. But if the world delivers on the toughest target of … Penguins that feed on krill, especially in the Antarctic, could see their food sources reduced. View our comments policy here. Today, there are just 17,700 breeding pairs. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Earth’s temperature has risen 1.4 Fahrenheit degrees (about 0.8 Celsius degrees) since 1800, and global sea levels have risen about 178 millimeters during the last 100 years. Hopelessness and despondency are one of the greatest threats to our wildlife – another reason we simply cannot afford to lose the African penguin. GLOBAL WARMING has affected these poor Penguins. Therefore, we must ensure that all vessels transiting around South Africa are required by law to have a wildlife response plan to mitigate the impact of oil on marine wildlife in the event of a spill. Removing advertising from your browsing experience is one of them - we don't just block ads, we redesign our pages to look smarter and load faster. Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. In 2000, there were an estimated 53,000. I urge the government to take action today. It is as if we are sea blind. As long as ships carry oil, there are likely to be oil spills. If predictions of melting Antarctic sea ice through 2100 are correct, we may be at risk of losing emperor penguins. There’s a magical moment of transition when a penguin crosses from land to water. Learn more in this OGP article, “Climate Cha… Climate change, which is quickly melting the sea ice this species depends on for survival, could cause dramatic drops in the number of emperor penguins across Antarctica by the end of … There are many great benefits to being a Maverick Insider. With the fynbos in bloom, the flowers seem to flow down the slopes of the Hottentots Holland range to meet the sea. Each one is easily doable; together they can change the future of the African penguin. The three measures outlined here are not unreasonable. Creating a No-Take Fishing Zone of at least a 20km radius around penguin colonies and their foraging grounds, so that the penguins are not competing with fishing companies. Since then we have lost 95% of the population, and their numbers continue to drop. What we are asking for is the protection of less than 0.5% of South Africa’s waters. Standing on that rocky shoreline it became clear to me how acutely the African penguin is feeling these changes. Impact of earlier warming As it turns out, there is evidence in the historical record that hints at how emperor penguins respond to decreasing levels of sea ice. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Earths temperature has risen 1.4 Fahrenheit degrees (about 0.8 Celsius degrees) since 1800, and global sea levels have risen about 178 millimeters during the last 100 years. Shifting offshore bunkering away from penguin colonies. I heard the despair in Sanccob marine scientist Lauren Waller’s voice as she pointed out birds that likely wouldn’t make it through the next few days. Some of these birds may have swum hundreds of kilometres to find food. We may not be actively hunting the penguin, but by failing to put protective measures in place, we are sealing their fate through inaction. Many of these wild penguins were moulting – something penguins do every year. As I opened one box and watched its eager occupant waddle towards the water, fat and glossy with good health, I was struck by the difference between him and some of the resident birds. It is not a secret that sea ice layers are melting fast. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. That’s what we want from our members. How to Save Our Planet is a call to action, guaranteed to equip everyone with the knowledge needed to make change. Top 5 Global Warming Effects ️ SAVE PENGUINS ️. The science is clear: the African penguin is likely to be functionally extinct on the west coast in less than 15 years, unless we take immediate action. Easy ways to help. But even temperate penguins, which consume more fish and squid, could be in danger. The negative impact of warming climate is on the reduction of their main food source, krill, which has declined dramatically over the last 50 years. Everybody has an opinion but not everyone has the knowledge and the experience to contribute meaningfully to a discussion. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. … We need to deal with: climate change, environmental destruction, global poverty and ensure everyone's security. The Adélie penguin is one of the most common and widespread seabird species found in Antarctica and on small neighbouring islands. African penguins have been hard-hit by overfishing of their preferred prey species. If the ice breaks, many chicks may fall into the ocean before they have the feather insulation to protect them from the icy waters nor the necessary skills to survive on their own. We know you love watching videos on your phone. Yet South Africa has designated less than 15% of its coastline as a protected area – less than half the international recommendation. After past attempts to create marine protected areas in the pristine Antarctic failed, a new hope might be on the horizon. Click here to see other benefits and to sign-up to our reader community supporting quality, independent journalism. While Zitterbart said global warming is clearly affecting the availability of food for the penguins, Dr. David Ainley, a wildlife ecologist at H.T. Sadly, we will not be able to save every bird. Last week I drove out to Stony Point near Hermanus to assist the Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (Sanccob) with a release of rehabilitated African penguins. Hermanus in springtime is idyllic. Climate change is killing chicks from the world's biggest colony of Magellanic penguins at Punta Tombo, Argentina, by increasing the rate of drenching rainstorms and heatwaves, say scientists. Even penguins living in warm regions such as Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) and Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti) depend on ocean currents carrying large volumes of cold water, nutrients, and the algae that feed on these. Global warming is wreaking havoc on living beings gradually, and this damage is a consequence of this phenomena. Many scientists think that global temperatures are increasing. If this species supports a climate of up to 28° C, is because the cold waters where it swims and searches for food. That is, assuming there are fish to be had. Even in South Africa… One of the most worrying consequences is the increase in the frequency and intensity of the phenomenon called “El Niño,” which causes abundant rainfall and makes the surface temperature of the Antarctic Ocean to rise. These birds should have been at their fattest, but a good number of them were seriously emaciated, their breastbones pointing through their feathers when they fanned their wings. Determined to keep global warming from finally tipping the odds too heavily against the survival of the planet's penguins, the Center filed a scientific petition back in 2006 to gain Endangered Species Act protection for 12 of the most imperiled penguin species. Because they can’t swim during their moult, they need to eat plenty before they come ashore to make it through their fast. And not only polar bears and walruses resent these changes; many penguins too. Help Today >. A new study shows that as the climate gets warmer the waters where they look for food will move away from the penguins' current nesting sites. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- … Dr Tom Hart, Penguinologist, describes the threats to penguins on Antarctica. We have the money. About the above, the populations of Adélie penguins from the north of the Antarctic Peninsula are reducing, and many of them are moving towards sites further south, especially the Ross Sea. Politics and penguins: The fight to save Antarctica. The melting of ice affects the penguins food source of fish, quid, and krill, who in turn feed on zooplankton and phytoplankton that grow on the ice. Swimming such a long distance around Cape Point is not the best strategy when you’re trying to put on weight, but these birds have no choice. African penguins are heading towards extinction – here’s how we can save them By Lewis Pugh • 1 December 2020 African penguins walk on rocks on Boulders beach in Simon’s Town. Students and teachers are allowed to use this information for school projects and homework. Fortunately, some people are implementing conservation efforts to avoid it, but it seems that they are not enough. Marine researchers from BirdLife South Africa recently discovered premoulting penguins from Dassen Island turning up in De Hoop nature reserve some 350km away. Consequently, the survival of krill is key to the survival of Antarctic penguins and other oceanic species. The birds stay ashore for up to 21 days to shed and regrow their protective feathers. Save electricity and reduce global warming by turning off lights when you leave a room, and using only as much light as you need. By Allyson Shaw. Sponsoring a nest is a start, but this is just one of the ways you can help save these birds. Why take the risk? Unchecked climate change could drive emperor penguins to extinction by the end of the century as sea ice vanishes. (Photo: EPA-EFE / Nic Bothma). We pulled back just in time; whaling was banned and whale numbers are recovering. It’s a domino effect that reaches to the penguins. Antarctic penguins have been on the forefront of climate change, experiencing massive changes to their natural habitat as the world's temperatures and human activity in … Three crucial actions from our government could make all the difference to the African penguin’s survival: It’s a little known fact that South Africa is actually more sea than land. Penguins — easily the most known and beloved wild animal in Antarctica — could be decimated by man-made global warming over the coming decades, according to a new study. But we should not forget that this was once the site of an ecocide, when humpback whales and Southern Rights were hunted to the brink of extinction. Global warming C limate change is likely to have a devastating impact on king penguins if greenhouse gas emissions continue at their present rate, scientists have warned. Our exclusive economic zone (EEZ) stretches 200 nautical miles from our shores. All species benefit from the melting of the Antarctic Peninsula’s sea ice, because it provides the penguins with more open land and, in turn, better breeding sites. Credit: Sergey Uryadnikov / Shutterstock Jackass penguins — named for their donkey-like braying — are the only species of penguin to call Africa home. If the situation wasn’t dire enough on the west coast, a new threat has emerged on the east coast, with offshore fuel ship-to-ship bunkering in Algoa Bay, close to the largest remaining African penguin colony at St Croix Island. But in the 1970s, overfishing triggered a collapse of sardin… Penguins usually look for krill just below the icebergs. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. Global warming is threatening one of the most endearing symbols of Antarctica - the penguin. Emperor Penguin in Antarctica. Adopt a Rockhopper Penguin Make a symbolic rockhopper penguin adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. We are now at the point where every bird counts. watch the cartoon videos. Just as the station’s environmental practices have changed over the years, living in Antarctica changes people’s world view. Now the local economy relies almost entirely on its natural wildlife. When surveys began in the early 1900s there were three million African penguins. We have the technology. While African penguins may not live in your back yard, you can make choices to save penguins no matter where you live. Four species of penguin are facing a dual threat from loss of … ~ Anthony D’Angelo, Please sign in or register to enable this feature. These phenomena appear to have their origin in many human activities that release greenhouse gasses and prevent heat fr… We have the resources. 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