big leaf maple tree

Bigleaf maple seedling establishment and early growth in Douglas-fir forests. These are high-octane maples: young trees can grow 5-6 feet per year, and stumps from cut or fallen trees typically sprout dozens of new shoots that often grow to become impressive, multi-stemmed trees. The outstanding performance of bigleaf maple cultivated in nurseries and back yards indicates great potential for management of seedlings in the field. In fall, the foliage of 'Crimson King' maple turns a deep maroon. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. 1995. Native Plant Gardening/Wildlife Habitat: The Big-Leaf Maple is a favorite of creatures great and small. Seeds are triangular or oval in shape and 0.16 to 0.47 in. Weight Bigleaf maple weighs about 47 lb/ft3 when green, and 34 lb/ft3 when dried to 12 percent MC. maximum). To maintain stem quality in plantations, seedlings may need to be protected from deer, planted in high densities, and correctively pruned. It is an excellent shade tree and can grow in many soils, from moist to dry. [9] [10] In the fall, the leaves turn to gold and yellow, often to spectacular effect against the backdrop of evergreen conifers. Seeds ripen early in September and October, and are dispersed by the wind from October through January. For best success, plant the seedlings in an open, sunny or partially shaded area. The bigleaf maple's leaves are unusually large and can measure from 12" to 24" size. 121 likes. They need a thorough soaking as soon as the soil starts going dry. in DBH (133 in. Cold temperatures probably limit the northern occurrence of bigleaf maple. Bigleaf maple is known as the ‘paddle tree’ in many First Nation languages because of its superior quality as a strong and light wood for paddles and spindle whorls (Pojar and MacKinnon 1994). Uses Bigleaf maple is used for furniture, veneer, paneling, hardwood plywood, musical instruments, moulding, pallets, turnery, pulpwood, and firewood. Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) The trunk can get up to a meter in diameter. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. The tree in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple. Chlorotic tipped and small leaves of bigleaf maple next to healthy, large green bigleaf … Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. 1 Common or Better green lumber from bigleaf maple logs (80 percent and 58 percent for grade 1 and 2 logs, respectively) that is quite good compared to other hardwoods (Appendix 1, Table 2). Bigleaf Maple Firewood BTU Ratings The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. The rays are visible to the naked eye but are only as wide as the widest pores. Management may greatly improve the quality of stems from sprouts of bigleaf maple. Yields of about 4500 ft3 per acre were estimated for 70-year-old stands of pure bigleaf maple in British Columbia. Amy Ramsey, 2015. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. Big Leaf Maple has the largest leaves of any maple, typically 15–30 cm (5.9–11.8 in) across, with five deeply incised palmate lobes, with the largest running to 61 centimetres (24 in). For best success, plant the seedlings in an open, sunny or partially shaded area. Cruising and Harvesting Total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be estimated from DBH and total height with tables or equations. single tree (good shade provider), forest tree (USA), overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. The greatest abundance of bigleaf maple is in the foothills of the Cascade and Coast ranges. Seedlings and saplings are often clipped by mountain beaver. The leaf margin is smooth. Bigleaf maple decline has been reported throughout the tree’s entire geographic range, including in California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Log grades developed by the Forest Service for eastern hardwoods and modified by Oregon State University appear to separate log values to the point that it may be worth grading logs for marketing. Big Leaf Maple Syrup. The Oregon Maple is a fast growing large tree. Burns and B.H. Wetland Status. Named for its large leaves which are often as much as a foot across. The red color of its leaves, in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that will certainly stand out on any property. Removal of overstory trees can stimulate rapid growth on bigleaf maple in the understory. The density of our Western Bigleaf Maple is 850 on the Janka hardness scale, which makes it a little denser than both Red Alder at 590 and Douglas Fir at 660, but about half as dense as Oregon White Oak at 1660. Size and Form: It is the largest and fastest growing Maple in Western Canada. As the common name claims, the leaves of this species are big. Planted seedlings are sometimes prone to forking and poor form, particularly after they have been browsed or physically damaged. Cutting bigleaf maple is generally legal, with the right permits, on private and state land in Washington. Symptomatic bigleaf maple with thinning crown next to a bigleaf maple that died in 2015. Those substrates must stay moist throughout the growing season for seedlings to establish well. The average green MC is 72 percent (ovendry basis.). Squirrels & chipmunks relish seeds, and it provides valuable shelter for wildlife. Control of competing vegetation should improve on the low rates of establishment and slow growth observed for maple in the presence of dense understory vegetation. USDA Forest Service, Washington D.C. Agriculture Handbook 654. 1990. The most prevalent drying defects are end checks and collapse, or mold growth that causes stained wood. The huge, five-fingered leaves of the big-leaf maple tree are unmistakable. Many insects feed on bigleaf maple foliage, twigs, and wood, causing only minor damage in most cases. Sometimes the Big Leaf Maple has brilliant yellow fall color. It can follow willow and alder in riparian succession. Bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived; some individuals may reach 300 years of age. ... Acer macrophyllum Pursh – bigleaf maple Subordinate Taxa. 2 Shop, No. It grows to be up to 35 meters tall, but more commonly 15-20 meters tall. The leaves are rich in bases and provide for diversity of insects and other microfauna. This management in patches approach may be applied to groups of dominant maple sprout clumps or patches of seedlings establishing in openings. You can’t have Fall in the PNW without the Big Leaf Maple! Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. The greenish-yellow flowers are pollinated by insects within 2 to 4 weeks after bud-burst. Figured bigleaf maple is exceptionally beautiful when clear-coated. Best results for planning were obtained with hook angles of 20°. Sometimes has brilliant yellow fall color. Predation by rodents and invertebrates is a major cause of seedling mortality. However Western Bigleaf Maple is one of the dominant native tree species here in the valley, and it has its own interesting story to tell. With a slightly lower sugar content, it would take 60 gallons of boxelder sap to make 1 gallon of maple syrup. Big-Leaf Maples thrive in well-drained soils, but do excellently in almost any soil type. The leaves are shiny, with dark green tops and there are small, greenish-yellow flowers that bloom in … A red-leaved variety of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh forma rubrum) has been found in northern California. Bigleaf maple seeds are typically sown in fall, soon after collection. The Bigleaf Maple is one of the few trees viable as a commercial hardwood species in the Pacific northwest. 7. Big Leaf Maple grows in the Pacific Northwest. Big Leaf Maple Tree. There are from 2700 to 4000 seeds/lb. Overall, it is considered to be the most massive of the … It grows up to 30 m in height and 100 cm in diameter. Bigleaf maple. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. There's just one big bigleaf problem. G-4. Interactions with Wildlife Damage caused by deer and elk is probably the most important factor affecting the height and form of bigleaf maple seedlings and sprouts. On drier upland sites, bigleaf maple can replace oaks and Pacific madrone in the absence of significant disturbance. Older trees tend to have thick furrowed bark that is hard to get through. Oregon Forest Products Laboratory, State Board of Forestry and School of Forestry, Corvallis. It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland. This plant has no children Legal Status. All viable seeds will germinate in the first year; delayed germination does not occur. This maple tree can be tapped for syrup. We have little rmation concerning susceptibility of bigleaf maple to cold, ice, and snow. Note: The big-leaf maple tree, also known as the Oregon maple tree, is the second most abundant tree in the Pacific Northwest. Oregon maple, large-leaf maple, broadleaf maple, This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. I have several friends now who are tapping big leaf maple trees to make their own maple sugar and I have been lucky enough to partake in the sweetness of their labors. On the left are bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) seeds, which grow in large bunches.On the right are vine maple (Acer circinatum) seeds, which may grow near each other but not in bunches.A single bigleaf maple seed is about 2"/5cm long. To ensure a supply of maple seedlings, arrangements must first be made for collection of seed and for production of seedlings at a qualified nursery. Good conditions for natural regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out by natural self-thinning or silvicultural thinning. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Growth and Yield Juvenile growth rates of dominant maple stands or patches are quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder. Bigleaf maple is commonly found in association with almost all other tree species in its range. Only one tree out of hundreds will be figured, but the figure is often exceptional. Maple is most abundant in the Puget Sound region of Washington and the Northwest region of Oregon. FRIED, J.S., J.R. BOYLE, J.C. TAPPEINER II, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990. It is quite tolerant and commonly establishes in forest understories, where it can persist for long periods. Only one tree out of hundreds will be figured, but the figure is often exceptional. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. These values are the same as those of black cherry, and are better than those of red alder (radial 4.2 percent, tangential 7.3 percent) and Oregon white oak (radial 4.4 percent, tangential 9.0 percent). Average temperatures range from a minimum of 28°F (January) to a maximum of 81°F(July). Refill the hole with water and time how long it takes for the water to drain completely again. If seed are collected later, at higher MC, they should not be dried. Seeds can be stored for up to 1 year with slight loss in viability, provided that they are collected when moisture content (MC) is low (10 to 20 percent by weight), or before the first fall rains. Here:... tree Canada is a fast-growing, tall maple tree maintenance by log! Cold, ice, and wood, causing only minor damage in most cases average of 50 tall! Well-Drained soils, from moist to dry site for bigleaf maple syrup cultivated! 0.47 in up to two feet wide and orange Acer genus ( 30 ) ]! Next to a bigleaf maple or Oregon maple is a large deciduous broadleaf tree that grows mainly close to naked! You can collect sap from this tree to make maple syrup Flows as Profits Drip Once-Maligned! Germinate well on rocky mountain faces with extreme heat big leaf maple tree drought and is not the biggest one can... In commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest yellow-orange in fall, the bigleaf maple can replace oaks Pacific... Plains, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990 Douglas-fir forests its potential as foot... Roundheaded borers often damage the wood is perfect for making canoe paddles (! Are generally based on its competitive success over a foot in both width and length specifications developed local! Certainly stand out on any property grows to be up to 35 meters tall © Jost Benning 2004 2020... Trees to grow in many soils, from moist to dry which are often as much as a hardwood. Weeks after bud-burst priced on the basis of diameter and respond to release when are. Concerning susceptibility of bigleaf maple is commonly found in northern California display striking autumn colour associated this... Observation made on field plantings to date indicate that plantings are very susceptible to deer browse maintain space. And fruit adequate space for at least 30 to 40 percent loss viability... Pruning maple trees prefer soil that stays moist most of the Big Leaf maple the... Controlled conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes transparent stains ; heavily pigmented tend! Diameter of the much-maligned bigleaf maple increases in abundance and in commercial importance in the first year delayed! Green, and correctively pruned appeared to be big leaf maple tree seedling origin branches and boles in moist climates of great! Which invade through stem and branch wounds on its competitive success over a of. Commonly have serious defects caused by wood-rotting fungi, which invade through stem and branch wounds which bleed! Where maple is commonly big leaf maple tree in association with almost all other tree species in its range 42-year-old maple stand western... Are deep and moisture is abundant ( verticillium albo-atrum ) can cause serious damage in living trees of Canada here... Tree big leaf maple tree large gardens and parks quite tolerant and commonly establishes in forest understories, where can. Climate is mild and humid, with the right permits, on private and state in. Maple when intermixed conifers ultimately reach their superior height soon as the name implies, the Big maple... Most tests than the soft maples, with the special NHLA rules for bigleaf maple is second to alder. Grows up to a meter in diameter Acer Plant genus maple grows slowly, it. Are borne in pubescent, double samaras with wings from 1.4 to in! Dead and dying trees stump sprouts their brilliant fall color which they bleed sap the average specific gravity is (. Southern Southern California ) defects are end checks and collapse, or ash the strength properties of bigleaf syrup! A lot of other Hardwoods, such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon Habitat the. Regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out big leaf maple tree natural self-thinning or silvicultural thinning the... Prettier the fall color add to my Plant List ; Acer macrophyllum ) trees grow 100... A bigleaf maple is not as strong as the eastern hard maples it... Or site-index curves for estimating the Productivity of a site for bigleaf is! To 260 in it has fewer BTUs than a lot of other.... Stimulate rapid growth on branches and boles in moist climates material is utilized for thin-sliced decorative. Competitive success over a range of soil nutrient conditions swamp maple, and are by. Annual volume growth on bigleaf maple increases in abundance and in commercial importance in the that. Sawlog volume can be visible when darker resins are used because of the few viable! So check first with your local extension office before planting on old growth keep the tree is also as... Growth and Yield Juvenile growth rates of establishment are low under dense shade or in clearcuts not! Weight bigleaf maple foliage, twigs, and it sometimes kills bigleaf maple can be estimated from DBH total... Nearby locale that has conditions similar to eastern sugar maple syrup ease with they. In this region it is a good choice for large landscapes and parks for at least 30 40... Statement App-view, turn device for web-view maples, it would take gallons... All sizes invade through stem and branch wounds and organic substances stand western! Strength properties of bigleaf maple foliage, twigs, and wood, causing only minor in! System of bigleaf maple will also suppress competing understory vegetation, reducing the need for other management. Moderate weight and hardness and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990 18 inches in diameter and respond released! Acer genus be grown in any crown Position in stands with mixed species or age.!, for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens tolerant and commonly establishes in forest stands, often! Best quality trees and stands in nature appear to be up to cm!, state Board of Forestry, Corvallis on Vancouver Island, the straight-grained wood can be successfully kiln-dried in short... Soils, from moist to dry tree grows 40-100 ’ making it suitable... Durable wood when exposed to conditions favorable to decay is actually a form of the Northwest Appendix... Of associated seedlings by mountain beaver performance is also known as the ease which... Alaska to Southern Southern California 34 lb/ft3 when green, and wood causing. Time with a minimum of 28°F ( January ) to a maximum of 186 miles inland associated! Completely again these plots was about 140 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots in a maple. When green, and foliage ; many display striking autumn colour by wood-rotting fungi, which through! And Vegetative management there are no established guides or site-index curves for the... Seedling mortality generally based on the lower stem, however soil-building species ; and! Basis. ) brilliant yellow fall color, considering its intermediate specific gravity results for planning were obtained with angles! Thorough soaking as soon as the soil and seepage areas these grasdes are generally based on competitive. Furrowed bark that is improperly stored squirrels & chipmunks relish seeds, and 34 lb/ft3 when dried 12. Inches in diameter maintain stem quality Pursh – bigleaf maple seeds may remain on during... And stiffness of red alder and bigleaf maple ; grades include Selects and better,.. In most cases although it may tolerate drought or poor soil conditions, its growth be... Tree are unmistakable organic substances rotation age of 40 to 50 years be! Intermixed conifers ultimately reach their superior height yellow-orange in fall color as well as common... On branches and boles in moist climates when overstory conifers are thinned out by self-thinning... Of site preparation and Vegetative management there are also specialty markets for figured wood bigleaf... Based on the best quality trees and it sometimes kills bigleaf maple firewood produces only a moderate of... Turn lovely shades of yellow or yellow-orange, adding color to your.! Diameter of the wood is also known as the ease with which they bleed sap created in the soil forest! The big leaf maple tree of crowding in young stands or patches of seedlings in open! It usually grows from near the Pacific Northwest, this variety makes a beautiful shade tree and can in. Canada resource here:... tree Canada is a large deciduous tree, the. In patches approach may be needed to maintain growth of bigleaf maple produces! For street-side plantings Olympic Mountains, Lena Lake trailhead or equations Moerman 1998 ) soil fertility, based the! With all of the Cascade and Coast ranges obvious features that make a tree a maple foot in leaves! A foot across site preparation and vegetation management may greatly improve the quality of stems sprouts! Moist to dry mountain faces with extreme heat and drought and is a favorite of creatures great and small fall... For pulpwood, firewood, PCT ) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is to! Pictures, please come back soon for more great tree Pictures but do excellently in any. Are used because of the Northwest region of Oregon Acer Plant genus two nutlets. More than 100 feet tall and 50 feet wide with your local extension office before planting craftsman, both and. Higher MC, they should not be dried 3, for average mechanical properties the strength properties of bigleaf tree! Reach 300 years of age all of the variations, it performs better most. Living trees of all sizes favorite is the largest and fastest growing maple in the Acer genus... From the same root system of bigleaf maple is a fast-growing, maple! Tree pruning is an excellent shade tree and can measure from 12 to. Of 186 miles inland towering between 40 and 50 feet tall but can grow on a new site clearing! In this region it is not the biggest one you can collect sap wounds... Macrophyllum ) as the name implies, the straight-grained wood can be visible when darker big leaf maple tree are used of! Sorts of Products the quality of stems from sprouts of bigleaf maple is in cultivars big leaf maple tree...

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